Radical Groups: Black Panthers

Years Active: 1966-c - 1976
Political Ideology: Marxist- Maoism
Political Position: Far Left

The Black Panther Party (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African-American organization established to promote Black Power and self-defense through acts of social agitation. Founded by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale on October 15, 1966, the organization initially set forth a doctrine calling for the protection of African American neighborhoods from police brutality, in the interest of African-American justice.

The Ten Point Program

1.       We want power to determine the destiny of our black and oppressed communities' education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present day society.

2.       We want completely free health care for all black and oppressed people.

3.       We want an immediate end to police brutality and murder of black people, other people of color, all oppressed people inside the United States.

4.       We want an immediate end to all wars of aggression.

5.       We want full employment for our people.

6.       We want an end to the robbery by the capitalists of our Black Community.

7.       We want decent housing, fit for the shelter of human beings.

8.       We want decent education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society.

9.       We want freedom for all black and oppressed people now held in U. S. Federal, state, county, city and military prisons and jails. We want trials by a jury of peers for all persons charged with so-called crimes under the laws of this country.

10.     We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, peace and people's community control of modern technology.

Criticism: Violence

From the beginning the Black Panther Party's focus on militancy came with a reputation for violence. They often took advantage of a California law which permitted carrying a loaded rifle or shotgun as long as it was publicly displayed and pointed at no one. Carrying weapons openly and making threats against police officers, for example, chants like "The Revolution has co-ome, it's time to pick up the gu-un. Off the pigs!"



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